Bearded dragons came from the inland of Australia. As pets they can live up to 15 years if taken care very carefully and cautiously.
Sometimes if not given the proper care, bearded dragons may develop eye infections.
You may see swelling, crusting in the eye and excessive tearing.
Your bearded dragon will later on become weak; they might not reach the maximum years of 15 years. Eye infection is a disease that an owner should be alarmed.
Eye infection is a nutritional disease that results from insufficiency of Vitamin A. It is called Hypovitaminosis A.
Bearded dragons are omnivores and they love to eat crickets and leafy green vegetables.
The main reason why this occurs is the owners are not able to provide foods with vitamin A.
The eye of a bearded dragon needs vitamin A to protect it from infections and to compensate to their body’s needs, if the foods eaten by beardies are deficient in this vitamin there should be an alternative way of giving it.
The best way is through injection of vitamin A and ingestion of vitamin A rich foods like carrots, corn, peas etc. It should be mixed with the veggies you are giving to your pet daily for one month.
The injections can be found in your Veterinary clinics.
ALSO READ: Bearded Dragon Disease
Signs and Symptoms
The following are the most common signs and symptoms that you may see in your bearded dragon pet when they are having Hypovitaminosis A.
If you suspected that your bearded dragon have this, bring it immediately to the Veterinarian so that immediate care will be given.
- Inflammation of the eyelids
- Red eyes
- Swollen shut eyes
- Oozing eyes
- Excessive tearing
- Crusting tissues surrounding the eyes
- Mild edema
Hypovitaminosis A: Problems from the substrate
Substrate is the material you place in the bottom of the bearded dragon’s cage or vivarium. As an option, owners place sand or shavings as a floor substrate.
Research shows that some bearded dragons that has given enough vitamin A still has Hypovitaminosis A. How this could be?
The items like sand and shavings have the tendency to fly into the bearded dragon’s eyes. The eyes will be irritated and will later lead on to infection.
To be sure enough you can use reptile carpet, tiles and astro turf.
If the bearded dragon is suspected to have the eye infection, bring it immediately to the veterinary clinic.
The veterinarian may prescribe the following treatment:
Eye drops – this is to cure the bearded dragon’s eye infection if the infection is still mild.
Water soluble Vitamin A- given intramuscularly to provide sufficient Vitamin A with a dose of 5, 500UI based on a 600 grams body weight Vitamin A rich foods like carrots, broccoli, beans, squash and potatoes, you better mix these with crickets in larger amounts.
Increase fluid intake for proper bearded dragon hydration
Antibiotics are given to serious eye infections as prescribed by the Veterinarian for your pet beardie
Those are some treatment for your bearded dragon pet.
The most effective and sure way to do it is to go to your Veterinarian and mind you he/she knows best for your pet beardie.
Do not medicate the dragon without the proper prescription, it may harm the beardie and might worsen the situation.